Bossuet's worship of authority by no means killed his confidence in reason; what it did was make him doubt the honesty of those who reasoned otherwise than himself. The whole chain of argument seemed to him so clear and simple.
- Youre Not as Crazy as I Thought: Conversations between a Die-Hard Liberal and a Devoted Conservative.
- Parent topics.
- Goalkeeper in Charge (Matt Christopher Sports Bio Bookshelf)!
- An Alphabet of History [Illustrated].
Philosophy proves that God exists and that He shapes and governs the course of human affairs. History shows that this governance is, for the most part, indirect, exercised through certain venerable corporations, as well civil and ecclesiastical, all of which demand implicit obedience as the immediate representatives of God. Thus all revolt, whether civil or religious, is a direct defiance of the Almighty. Oliver Cromwell becomes a moral monster, and the revocation of the Edict of Nantes was the greatest achievement of the second Constantine.
The France of his youth had known the misery of divided counsels and civil war; the France of his manhood, brought together under an absolute sovereign, had suddenly shot up into a splendour only comparable with ancient Rome. Why not, then, strain every nerve to hold innovation at bay and prolong that splendour for all time? Bossuet's own Discours sur l'histoire universelle might have furnished an answer, for there the fall of many empires is detailed; but then the Discours was composed under a single preoccupation.
To Bossuet, the establishment of Christianity was the one point of real importance in the whole history of the world. He totally ignores the history of Islam and Asia ; on Greece and Rome , he only touched insofar as they formed part of the Praeparatio Evangelica. Yet his Discours is far more than a theological pamphlet.
While Pascal might refer the rise and fall of empires to Providence or chance or a little grain of sand in the English lord protectors' veins, Bossuet held fast to his principle that God works through secondary causes. It is His will that every great change should have its roots in the ages that went before it. Bossuet, accordingly, made a heroic attempt to grapple with origins and causes, and in this way, his book deserves its place as one of the very first of philosophic histories.
Bossuet therefore attempted to steer a middle course. In , before the general Assembly of the French Clergy , he preached a great sermon on the unity of the Church and made it a magnificent plea for compromise. As Louis XIV insisted on his clergy making an anti-papal declaration , Bossuet got leave to draw it up and made it as moderate as he could, and when the Pope declared it null and void, he set to work on a gigantic Defensio Cleri Gallicani , only published after his death. Throughout this controversy, unlike the court bishops, Bossuet constantly resided in his diocese and took an active interest in its administration.
The Gallican storm a little abated, he turned back to a project very near his heart.
Oraison funèbre d'Henriette d'Angleterre, duchesse d'Orléans
Ever since the early days at Metz , he had been busy with schemes for uniting the Huguenots to the Catholic Church. In , he converted Turenne ; in , he published an Exposition de la foi catholique "Exposition of the Catholic Faith" , so moderate in tone that adversaries were driven to accuse him of having fraudulently watered down the Catholic dogmas to suit Protestant taste. Few writers could have made the Justification controversy interesting or even intelligible. His argument is simple enough. Without rules, an organized society cannot hold together, and rules require an authorized interpreter.
The Protestant churches had thrown over this interpreter; and Bossuet had small trouble in showing that, the longer they lived, the more they varied on increasingly important points. For the moment, the Protestants were pulverized; but before long, they began to ask whether variation was necessarily so great an evil.
Oraison Funebre D'henriette Anne D'angleterre Duchesse D'orleans - AbeBooks
Between and , Bossuet corresponded with Leibniz with a view to reunion, but negotiations broke down precisely at this point. Leibniz thought his countrymen might accept individual Roman doctrines, but he flatly refused to guarantee that they would necessarily believe tomorrow what they believe today. We prefer, he said, a church eternally variable and for ever moving forwards. Next, Protestant writers began to accumulate some alleged proofs of Rome's own variations; and here, they were backed up by Richard Simon , a priest of the Paris Oratory and the father of biblical criticism in France.
He accused St Augustine , Bossuet's own special master, of having corrupted the primitive doctrine of grace. Bossuet set to work on a Defense de la tradition , but Simon calmly went on to raise issues graver still. Under a veil of politely ironic circumlocutions, such as did not deceive the Bishop of Meaux, he claimed his right to interpret the Bible like any other book. Bossuet denounced him again and again; Simon told his friends he would wait until the old fellow was no more. Another Oratorian proved more dangerous still. Simon had endangered miracles by applying to them lay rules of evidence, but Malebranche abrogated miracles altogether.
It was blasphemous, he argued, to suppose that the Author of nature would violate the law He had Himself established. These repeated checks soured Bossuet's temper. In his earlier controversies, he had borne himself with great magnanimity , and the Huguenot ministers he refuted had found him a kindly advocate at court. His approval of the revocation of the Edict of Nantes stopped far short of approving dragonnades within his Diocese of Meaux, but now his patience was waning.
The controversy concerned their different reactions to the opinions of Jeanne Guyon : her ideas were similar to the Quietism of Molinos , which was condemned by Pope Innocent XI in When Mme de Maintenon began questioning the orthodoxy of Mme Guyon's opinions, an ecclesiastical commission of three members, including Bossuet, was appointed to report on the matter.
The commission issued 34 articles known as the Articles d' Issy , which condemned Mme Guyon's ideas very briefly and provided a short treatise on the orthodox, Catholic conception of prayer. He explained his view that the goal of human life should be to have love of God as its perfect object, with neither fear of punishment nor desire for the reward of eternal life having anything to do with this pure love of God.
King Louis XIV reproached Bossuet for failing to warn him that his grandsons' tutor had such unorthodox opinions and instructed Bossuet and other bishops to respond to the Maximes des Saints. Pope Innocent XII selected 23 specific passages for condemnation. Until he was over 70 years, Bossuet enjoyed good health, but in he developed chronic kidney stones. Two years later he was a hopeless invalid, and on 12 April he died quietly. His funeral oration was given by Charles de la Rue , SJ. He was buried at Meaux Cathedral.
- Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet;
- 500 años del descubridor del Amazonas (Spanish Edition)!
- THE SURVIVAL PIT PART 4: I WAS A TEENAGE FANBOY.
Bossuet is widely considered to be one of the most influential homiliticians of all time. He focused on ethical rather than doctrinal messages, often drawing from the lives of saints or saintly contemporaries as examples. He preached, for example, on St. Bossuet's funeral orations in particular had lasting importance and were translated early into many languages, including English. His complete works were edited by Lachat in 31 vols.
Paris, — When Bossuet was chosen to be the tutor of the Dauphin, oldest child of Louis XIV, he wrote several works for the edification of his pupil, one of which was Politics Derived from the Words of Holy Scripture , a discourse on the principles of royal absolutism. The work was published posthumously in The work consists of several books which are divided into articles and propositions which lay out the nature, characteristics, duties, and resources of royalty.
To justify his propositions, Bossuet quotes liberally from the Bible and various psalms. Throughout his essay, Bossuet emphasizes the fact that royal authority comes directly from God and that the person of the king is sacred. In the third book, Bossuet asserts that "God establishes kings as his ministers, and reigns through them over the people. In books six and seven, Bossuet describes the duties of the subjects to the prince and the special duties of royalty.
For Bossuet, the prince was synonymous with the state, which is why, according to him, the subjects of the prince owe the prince the same duties that they owe their country. He also states that "only public enemies make a separation between the interest of the prince and the interest of the state. Bossuet describes three ways that this can be achieved: by maintaining a good constitution, making good use of the state's resources, and protecting the state from the dangers and difficulties that threaten it.
In books nine and ten, Bossuet outlines the various resources of royalty arms, wealth, and counsel and how they should be used. In regards to arms, Bossuet explains that there are just and unjust grounds for war. Unjust causes include ambitious conquest, pillage, and jealousy. As far as wealth is concerned, he then lays out the types of expenditures that a king has and the various sources of wealth for the kingdom. He emphasizes that the true wealth of a kingdom is its men and says that it is important to improve the people's lot and that there would be no more poor.
The Catholic Encyclopedia calls Bossuet the greatest pulpit orator of all time, ranking him even ahead of Augustine and Chrysostom. The exterior of Harvard 's Sanders Theater includes busts of the eight greatest orators of all time - they include a bust of Bossuet alongside such giants of oratory as Demosthenes , Cicero , and Chrysostom. Bossuet was one of several co-editors on the Delphin Classics collection. Bossuet was the uncle of Louis Bossuet. Etienne's Cathedral in Metz , where Bossuet was made a canon at age 13 in Bossuet served as his tutor Bishop Bossuet.
Bossuet in Oeuvres , A comprehensive faith by Jean-Marc Berthoud. Illustrations if any are also in black and white. Sewn perfect bound for longer life. Fold-outs if any not included. This is a reprint of a very old book so there might be some imperfections like blurred pages poor images or missing pages which we were not able to remove.
If the book is a multi volume set then this is only a single volume. We are proud to offer numerous titles all at incredible prices with worldwide delivery to over countries. Printed on acid free paper. The image if shown any is for reference only so that you can be sure of the book title before buying. Seller Inventory S More information about this seller Contact this seller 2.
More information about this seller Contact this seller 3. About this Item: Paperback. Shipping may be from multiple locations in the US or from the UK, depending on stock availability. More information about this seller Contact this seller 4. Condition: Brand New. French language. In Stock. Seller Inventory x More information about this seller Contact this seller 5. Published by Hachette Livre Bnf, France Language: French. Date de l edition originale: Sujet de l ouvrage: Henriette-Marie de FranceCe livre est la reproduction fidele d une oeuvre publiee avant et fait partie d une collection de livres reimprimes a la demande editee par Hachette Livre, dans le cadre d un partenariat avec la Bibliotheque nationale de France, offrant l opportunite d acceder a des ouvrages anciens et souvent rares issus des fonds patrimoniaux de la BnF.
Les oeuvres faisant partie de cette collection ont ete numerisees par la BnF et sont presentes sur Gallica, sa bibliotheque numerique. En entreprenant de redonner vie a ces ouvrages au travers d une collection de livres reimprimes a la demande, nous leur donnons la possibilite de rencontrer un public elargi et participons a la transmission de connaissances et de savoirs parfois difficilement accessibles. Nous avons cherche a concilier la reproduction fidele d un livre ancien a partir de sa version numerisee avec le souci d un confort de lecture optimal. Nous esperons que les ouvrages de cette nouvelle collection vous apporteront entiere satisfaction.
Pour plus d informations, rendez-vous sur. Seller Inventory AAV More information about this seller Contact this seller 6. Published by Firmin Didot. About this Item: Firmin Didot. Tel quel. More information about this seller Contact this seller 7. Published by Chapitre. About this Item: Chapitre. Condition: NEUF. More information about this seller Contact this seller 8. From: crealivres La fontennelle, France. More information about this seller Contact this seller 9.
From: Gyan Books Pvt. Delhi, India. Leather Bound.
Reprinted in with the help of original edition published long back . As these are old books, we processed each page manually and make them readable but in some cases some pages which are blur or missing or black spots. If it is multi volume set, then it is only single volume, if you wish to order a specific or all the volumes you may contact us. We expect that you will understand our compulsion in these books.
We found this book important for the readers who want to know more about our old treasure so we brought it back to the shelves. Hope you will like it and give your comments and suggestions.
- Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet.
- The Mango Leaf.
- Bossuet jacques bénigne.
- Think Like a Patron: (without losing your mind).
- See a Problem?;
Lang: - French, Pages 54, Print on Demand. Seller Inventory LB More information about this seller Contact this seller Published by Paris: Les Bibliolatres de France, Cadyville, NY, U. Condition: Very good. Paris: Les Bibliolatres de France,